Cyprus - Limassol
The Cypriot target study city will be Limassol. Due to Cyprus’ small population the country is only classified as one region at each level of the NUTS categorisation. Limassol is located on the south coast of Cyprus and is the second largest city, with a population of approximately 200,000 people. Tourism plays an important role, largely due to the good weather and popular beach. The city also plays an important role as a trade centre, with overseas British military bases located nearby. The city has extensive experience in local development projects. A sustainable urban development strategy in 2014-20 has been co-funded by the EU Cohesion Fund and European Regional Development Fund. The urban strategy was highlighted as an URBACT III Good City Practice for implementing a sustainable, integrated and participatory approach.
Greece - Thessaloniki
The target Greek city is Thessaloniki, which is located in the NUTS 2 region of Central Macedonia, the 2nd most populous of Greece’s regions. With a population of 800,000, Thessaloniki is the second largest city in Greece after Athens. The city sits on the North West corner of the Aegean Sea. Shipping, as well as cruising, has become an important part of the local economy. The city is responsible for implementing an ERDF Sustainable Urban Development strategy but has less experience with PB, compared to many other European cities – with the exception of small-scale PB experiments targeting youngsters, and digital consultations relating to local development and resilience policies driven mainly by local authorities and civil society organisations.
Ireland - Sligo
The target city is Galway, located within the NUTS 2 region of Nothern and Western Ireland. The city of Galway is the fourth most populous in the Republic of Ireland, with a population of around 75,000. Geographically, it is situated on the Atlantic West coast of Ireland, around 200km directly west of the capital Dublin. Galway has one of the largest proportions of ‘Irish’ speakers in the country, and 25% of the city’s population are students. The Northern and Western Regional Assembly has recently published its frst regional development strategy including city-led metropolitan plans with a strong focus on engagement and aims develop more experience in PB through this project.
Netherlands - Rotterdam
The target case city is Rotterdam, which is located within the NUTS 2 region of South Holland. South Holland is the most populous region within the Netherlands, and also one of the most densely populated regions in Europe. With a population of around 1 million, Rotterdam is the second most populous in the Netherlands. The city has developed as an important sea transportation hub, possessing the busiest port in Europe. The city has some experience in PB in local initiative through Citylab, and is planning to develop PB in peripheral areas. It is also the Managing authority of an EU Cohesion Policy Operational Programme.
Poland - Wałbrzych
Wałbrzych is located in the NUTS 2 region of Dolnośląskie, South West of Poland. The city is 30kms from the Czech border and has a population of 110,000, making it the second largest within Lower Silesia, and the 33rd largest in Poland. The city was formerly a major coal mining and industrial centre. The city has extensive experience in local development projects and citizen engagement; and is actively involved in EU Cohesion Policy through an urban development strategy implemented through an Integrated Territorial Investment (ITI) mechanism. It is regarded by DG REGIO as a leading ITI in Europe and is the only one in Poland with full delegation of responsibilities.
Romania - Cluj-Napoca
The case study city of Cluj-Napoca is located in the Romanian NUTS 2 region of Nord-Vest. The population of the city is approximately 325,000, making it only marginally smaller than the 2nd largest city in Romania – Timisoara. The city is home to a large Hungarian population (approximately 50,000). Cluj-Napoca is also a popular university town, home to Babeș-Bolyai University (UBB), the largest in Romania by students. The city has significant experience in local development policies and in PB. A more integrated approach is planned with support from DEMOTEC.
United Kingdom - Fife
The case study will be Fife, located in the NUTS 2 region of Eastern Scotland. Fife lies on the eastern – North Sea coast of Scotland, and has a population of around 370,000, or around 7% of Scotland’s population. Fife is very close to the capital city, Edinburgh. Traditionally, the Fife economy was focused on coal mining. However, the mines have now closed and the economy has diversified. Fife council has experience in implementing PB initiatives and are keen to pilot test new approaches in small towns (Glenrothes, Dumfermline, Kirkcaldy) and scale these up as part of the H2020 project through town-based PB initiatives.